Who’s ever heard of waterproofing a chimney, and why would they want to do it?!
Did you know that water causes more damage to a masonry chimney than any other single element that nature can throw at it? Dollar for dollar, more money is spent repairing water-damaged chimneys than any other type of repair we do! The phrase “an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure” never rang truer than when it comes to protecting your home’s very expensive masonry chimney!
How does water damage a masonry chimney?
Did you know that a brick is a lot like a sponge? If you were to weigh a brick while dry, and then re-weigh it after setting it in a bucket of water for a few hours, it will have almost doubled its weight because of all the water it has absorbed! Like a sponge, bricks are very porous and readily allow themselves to become completely saturated with water. Why is this a problem?
Once your chimney’s brickwork is completely saturated with water, several things can happen:
1. Water Leaks: Once you’re masonry chimney is fully saturated, rainwater often finds its way into your home! Leaks in the ceiling and walls and the flooring in the vicinity of the chimney are common, and can cause thousands of dollars in damage to your home! Dry rot, mold, drywall repair and replacing flooring due to water damage is expensive! Water damage specific to your chimney often include the following:
2. Liner Damage:Water infiltration into your chimney’s chase often damages your terra cotta chimney liner by leeching out and eroding the mortar joints that glue your flue tiles together. Once these mortar joints are eroded, the open voids that result can allow carbon monoxide, creosote, and in some cases, open flames to escape your flue and cause a structural fire! A chimney with open voids in the flue tile mortar joints should NOT BE USED UNTIL IT IS REPAIRED with HeatShield® or relined with a stainless steel liner.
3. Steel Dampers Rust: Your fireplace’s damper is an important component to keeping the cold air out and the warm air in. Water entry often causes dampers to either rust solid so they can no longer be opened or closed, or eat rust holes right through them, causing air leakages and severe energy loss! When this happens, the old rusted damper must be removed (or bypassed), and a new top-sealing damper will need to be installed.
4. Freeze/Thaw Damage: If your chimney’s brickwork is saturated with water and outdoor temperatures fall below freezing (usually overnight), your chimney will likely suffer freeze/thaw damage. Freeze/Thaw is when the water within your chimney’s brickwork freezes and expands. This slight expansion is enough to cause extensive damage to your chimney’s brickwork, from small cracks and fissures to large chunks of your chimney’s bricks spalling (flaking off in large chunks)!
5. Efflorescence: Once absorbed into your chimney’s brickwork, water will dissolve tiny minerals and salts that make up the structure of your chimney’s masonry. As weather conditions warm up and dry out, the water within your chimney’s bricks will migrate to the outside surface of your chimney and evaporate, leaving behind the white salt and mineral stains. These ugly stains are called efflorescence. Efflorescence is not only unsightly, but is also an indicator that water is eroding and weakening your chimney’s masonry structure each time it rains! Left unchecked, the mortar (the glue) that holds your chimney’s bricks together will turn sandy and fail. Sometimes this damage is so severe, the entire chimney must be torn down and rebuilt from scratch.
Needless to say, when it comes to keeping water out of your masonry chimney, an ounce of prevention is better (and far cheaper) than a pound of cure! ChimneySaver Waterproofing is one of the steps to keeping Mother Nature’s damaging rainwater at bay!
Unlike typical concrete sealants that can accelerate damage to your chimney by trapping water vapors inside your chimney, ChimneySaver is specially formulated to form a semi-permeable membrane that allows your chimney’s brickwork to breathe! It keeps new water from penetrating, while allowing any water that’s already trapped within the brickwork to escape!
This semi-permeable membrane is important because moisture from a variety of sources is always present in masonry and concrete. Traditional sealants form a water-resistant surface film which traps these water vapors inside. If these vapors can’t escape, they will likely contribute to scaling, spalling and freeze/thaw damage! ChimneySaver is a 100% vapor- permeable water repellent that penetrates and lines the brick’s microscopic masonry pores.
ChimneySaver contains patented siloxanes small enough to penetrate most masonry pores up to ¼” or more. These special siloxanes from a strong bond with the silica in masonry and concrete. Because of this bonding process, one application of ChimneySaver provides up to ten times the water repellent protection of typical sealers while at the same time, maintaining the masonry’s breathability.
10 Year Limited Warranty:
Saver Systems warrants that ChimneySaver water repellent will exhibit a water repellent effect for ten years from the date of application if applied according to label instructions and if minimum application requirements are met. (See brochure for complete warranty details.)
If your chimney is experiencing water leaks, liner damage, freeze/thaw damage, or efflorescence, ChimneySaver is one of the most important steps available for preventing water damage.
Note, however, that no water repellent is a substitute for good construction and workmanship. The first step in preventing water damage is to make necessary repairs as needed by installing a chimney cap and repairing structural cracks, damaged crowns, flashing, deteriorated bricks, and mortar joints. The second step is to protect porous masonry from further water penetration by applying ChimneySaver Water Repellent.
Crumbling mortar in the chimney, if not too advanced, could be repaired with tuckpointing. Our skilled personnel can advise you about your situation and make the necessary chimney repairs.
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I just wanted to thank you for coming to our rescue the other day. I just purchased a new home and a new washer and dryer to go with it. Understandibly, I was a very confused when my dryer suddenly began taking two or three cycles in order to dry my clothes! To my surprise, the appliance repairman who came out told me that my dryer was just fine, but that my dryer vent needed to be cleaned out! I had never heard of such a thing! Mercifully, he referred me to you guys and everything went better from there.
Your technician discovered that a bird had decided to make its nest in my vent! A lot of effort and tons of nesting material later, my vent was finally unclogged!
Thanks again for your valiant efforts! The guy that came to my house was fantastic and took everything in stride, and didn’t charge me any extra despite the fact that my vent took longer than normal to clean! I’ll be sure to tell everyone where they can get great service having the dryer vent cleaned!
~ Denise Gordon, Roseville, CA
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